Ada Domańska | Robert Zajkowski
JEL classification: L26, O57, P20;
Keywords: SMEs, Small Business Act, formemr Eastern Bloc;
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to show the extent to which state interference in the economy affects
the conditions of functioning for small and medium-sized enterprises in economies of the former
eastern bloc which have already gone through the EU accession process. The data on SMEs’ situation
were taken from the Fact Sheets of the EU program Small Business Act. Due to the fact that
the variables proposed to describe the business environment differ significantly it was necessary
to standardize them. The zero unitarization method was applied to rank countries properly. Special
attention in this paper is devoted to Poland and the situation of businesses operating in this country.
The research has identified some areas requiring urgent changes. It is crucial to improve the
situation so that companies can play a proper role in the economy. A country which could be an
example of good solutions that support business development is also described.